Vitamins & Iodine
For a Healthy Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Period
Importance of folic acid and vitamin B12
A sufficient dietary intake of folic acid and vitamin B12 during pregnancy may help to prevent major birth defects such as neural tube defects (NTD such as spina bifida, anencephaly), cleft lip and palate, urologic malformation and heart defect. It can also help reducing the risk of miscarriage and premature labour.
Importance of iodine
Iodine is a vital mineral which is needed for the formation of the thyroid hormones. These hormones control the growth and development of all organs, of the nervous system, the brain, the muscles and the skeleton. An iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, perinatal mortality and more specifically for the infants retarded growth and serious intellectual impairments.
Most Public Health authorities worldwide recommend:
- all women planning a pregnancy should take – at least 4 weeks before conception – 400µg to 800µg of synthetic folic acid daily from supplements in addition to consuming food with folate from a varied diet;
- to take 150 µg of iodine from a food supplement from the beginning of the pregnancy until the end of the lactation period.